William E. JohnstonESnet Senior Scientist and Advisor
Energy Sciences Network
Computational Research Division
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
tel: +1-510-486-5014, fax: +1-603-719-1356
1 Cyclotron Rd., MS 50A-3111
Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA
William E. (Bill) Johnston is a Senior Scientist and advisor to the US Dept. of Energy, Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) (www.es.net) in the Computational Research Division of the Computing Sciences Directorate of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
Bill was the ESnet Department Head from Oct. 2003 to Oct. 2008, when he retired. (ESnet is the wide area network that serves the science facilities of the US Dept. of Energy's Office of Science.) During his tenure leading ESnet Bill undertook a complete reanalysis of the requirements of DOE's Office of Science programs that ESnet supports. This resulted in 5 and 10 year network usage projections that were far in excess of the capacity available in the 2003 configuration of ESnet. Bill then led the effort to develop a new network architecture and implementation that would accommodate the massive data flows of science as typified by the movement of petabytes/year from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN to several ESnet sites for storage and processing and then to a collection of universities for analysis. The new network design entailed a multiple ring, dual core, national network. One core was primarily oriented toward commodity IP traffic and the other - 20 Gb/s (in 2008) growing to 50 Gb/s (in 2010) - was a virtual circuit-oriented network designed to handle the massive data flows of large-scale instrument-based science such as the LHC. This new design was shepherded through several review cycles and the funding process. The new network (www.es.net/ESnet4) was funded in 2006. A partnership was established with Internet2 to share a national optical infrastructure, and a seven year agreement was negotiated for the many 10 Gb/s optical circuits that are the foundation of ESnet4. The new network was built by ESnet's highly competent staff in 2007 and 2008, and by late 2008 some 125 10Gb/s optical circuits were in use around the country.
Prior to joining ESnet, Bill's long time research interests included high-speed, wide area network based, distributed systems, widely distributed computational and data "Grids," Public-Key Infrastructure based security and authorization systems, and use of the global Internet to enable remote access to scientific, analytical, and medical instrumentation.
Other professional activities have included establishing the Distributed Systems Department and serving as Dept. Head for several years (now the Advanced Computing for Science Dept. headed by Deb Agarwal) and being Principal Investigator for several DOE Office of Science projects related to the application of computing in science environments. Bill is also co-founder (with Ian Foster and Charlie Catlett) of the Grid Forum (which merged with the European Grid Forum to form the Global Grid Forum, and has since merged with the equivalent industry group to become the Open Grid Forum).
Bill has worked in the field of computing and its support of the classical sciences for 40 years. He has taught computer science at the under graduate and graduate levels. He has a Masters Degree in Mathematics and Physics from San Francisco State University. Bill may be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. For more information see www.dsd.lbl.gov/~wej.
"The Evolution of Research and Education Networks and their Essential Role in Modern Science,"November, 2008. William JOHNSTON, Evangelos CHANIOTAKIS, Eli DART, Chin GUOK, Joe METZGER, and Brian TIERNEY. ESnet, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Book chapter in “Advances in Parallel Computing,” Volume 18, 2009, “High Speed and Large Scale Scientific Computing.” Edited by Wolfgang Gentzsch, Lucio Grandinetti, Gerhard Joubert. IOS Press, ISBN: 978-1-60750-073-5. "Network Communication as a Service-Oriented Capability," March 2008. William E Johnston, Joe Metzger, Mike O’Connor, Michael Collins, Joseph Burrescia, Eli Dart, Jim Gagliardi, Chin Guok, and Kevin Oberman. Chapter in “High Performance Computing and Grids in Action,” Volume 16 Advances in Parallel Computing, Editor: L. Grandinetti, March 2008, IOS Press, ISBN: 978-1-58603-839-7. "A User Driven Dynamic Circuit Network Implementation,” Jul 2008. Chin P. Guok, David W. Robertson, Evangelos Chaniotakis, Mary R. Thompson, William Johnston, and Brian Tierney. DANMS (Distributed Autonomous Network Management Systems) 2008, IEEE. "Intra and Interdomain Circuit Provisioning Using the OSCARS Reservation System," October 2006. Chin Guok, David Robertson, Mary Thompson, Jason Lee, Brian Tierney, and William Johnston. Third International Conference on Broadband Communications, Networks, and Systems, IEEE/ICST 2006. "The Advanced Networks and Services Underpinning Modern, Large-Scale Science: DOE's ESnet," Nov. 2005. William E. Johnston, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Chapter in: L. Grandinetti (ed.), "Grid Computing: The New Frontiers of High Performance Computing." Elsevier, 2005. ISBN: 978-0-444-51999-3. "Semantic Services for Grid Based, Large-Scale Science," William E. Johnston, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and NASA Ames Research Center. IEEE Intelligent Systems, Special Issue on e-Science, January/February 2004 (Vol. 19, No. 1), pp. 34-39. "Computing and Data Grids for Science and Engineering,” William E. Johnston, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab and NASA Ames Research Center. Invited keynote talk at the inaugural meeting of the Japanese National Research Grid Initiative project. Tokyo, Japan, 02 July 2003. See "NaReGi (National Research Grid Initiative): 2003~2007" - Kenichi Miura. "The Evolution of Cyberinfrastructure for Science: From IP to OIL," William E. Johnston, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab and NASA Ames Research Center. Versions of this talk were presented at: SC2002, Baltimore, MD, 20 Nov 2002 and at the World Summit on the Information Society, Bucharest, Romania. 9 Nov. 2002. "Implementing Production Grids for Science and Engineering," William E. Johnston, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif. and NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif. (USA); John M. Brooke, Manchester Computing and Department of Computer Science, University of Manchester (UK); Randy Butler, National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (USA); David Foster, CERN LHC Computing Grid Project, Geneva (Switzerland), and; Mirco Mazzucato, INFN-Padova (Italy). Chapter in "The Grid: Blueprint for a New Computing Infrastructure," 2nd Edition (Grid 2), Morgan Kaufmann, Elsevier, 2004, ISBN 1-55860-933-4. "A Different Perspective on the Question of 'What is a Grid'? " William E. Johnston. Grid Today, August 12, 2002: Vol. 1 No. 9. "The Computing and Data Grid Approach: Infrastructure for Distributed Science Applications, " William E. Johnston, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and NASA Ames Research Center Computing and informatics, 2002, vol. 21, no 4 (142 p.). ISSN: 1335-9150. "Core Grid Functions: A Minimal Architecture for Grids, " William E. Johnston, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab and NASA Ames Research Center. UK eScience All Hands Meeting, Sheffield Hallan University, Sheffield, UK, Sept. 2-4, 2002. "Implementing Production Grids, " William E. Johnston, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab and NASA Ames Research Center; the NASA IPG Engineering Team, and; the DOE Science Grid Team. Versions of this talk were presented at: CEOS GRID Workshop, 06-07 May 2002, European Space Agency, Frascati, Italy; Global Grid Forum 4, Feb. 19, 2002, AND; UK Office of Science and Technology's e-Science Town Meeting, July 27, 2001, QEII Conference Centre, London. "Computational and Data Grids in Large-Scale Science and Engineering," William E. Johnston, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and NASA Ames Research Center. Future Generation Computer Systems, Volume 18 , Issue 8 (October 2002), Pages: 1085 – 1100. Year of Publication: 2002 ISSN:0167-739X. "NASA’s Information Power Grid: Application Experience in a Production Distributed Computing and Data Management Grid, “ William E. Johnston, et al. NASA Ames Research Center. Versions of this talk were presented at: NASA Ames Information Technologies Forum, Jan. 31, 2002; UK Office of Science and Technology's e-Science Town Meeting, July 27, 2001, QEII Conference Centre, London; Global Grid Forum-2 , Washington, DC, July 16-18, 2001, AND; First EuroGlobus Workshop (www.euroglobus.unile.it) , Robinson Club Apulia Village, Marina di Ugento, Lecce - ITALY, 16-23 June 2001. "Information Power Grid: Distributed High-Performance Computing and Large- Scale Data Management for Science and Engineering, " William E. Johnston, Dennis Gannon, and Bill Nitzberg, Numerical Aerospace Simulation Division, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA. International Conference on Computing in High Energy and Nuclear Physics. February 7 - February 11, 2000, Teatro Antonianum, Padova (Italy). " The Evolution Towards Grids: Ten Years of High-Speed, Wide Area, Data Intensive Computing, " William E. Johnston, Information and Computing Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and NAS Division, NASA Ames Research Center. Cluster Computing: the Journal of Networks, Software Tools and Applications, 2000. "Grids as Production Computing Environments: The Engineering Aspects of NASA's Information Power Grid, " William E. Johnston, Dennis Gannon, and Bill Nitzberg. Proceedings of the 8th IEEE International Symposium on High Performance Distributed Computing, 1999. IEEE Computer Society Washington, DC, USA, ISBN:0-7695-0287-3. " Real-Time Widely Distributed Instrumentation Systems," William E. Johnston and Brian Tierney, Information and Computing Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Chapter in "The Grid: Blueprint for a New Computing Infrastructure." Edited by Ian Foster and Carl Kesselman. Morgan Kaufmann, Pubs. August 1998. Of historical interest - the view from 1998. "High-Speed, Wide Area, Data Intensive Computing: A Ten Year Retrospective," William E. Johnston. In proceedings of the Seventh IEEE International Symposium on High Performance Distributed Computing, July 29-31, 1998, Chicago, Ill.
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